Langzeitkatamnese bei Transsexuellen
LicenseStandard (ohne Print-On-Demand)
The aim of this study was to re-examine former transsexual patients after as long a period of time as possible. To meet the inclusion criterion, the legal recognition of participants’ gender change via a name change had to date back at least 10 years. The sample comprised 71 participants (35 females and 36 males). The follow-up period was 10 to 24 years with a mean of 13.8 years (SD = 2.78). Instruments included a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods: Clinical interviews were conducted with the participants, and they completed a follow-up questionnaire as well as several standardized questionnaires they had already filled in when they first made contact with the clinic. Positive and desired changes were determined by all of the instruments: Participants reported high degrees of well-being and a good social integration. Very few participants were unemployed, most of them had a steady relationship, and they were also satisfied with their relationships with family and friends. Their overall evaluation of the treatment process for sex reassignment as a whole and its effectiveness in reducing gender dysphoria was positive. Regarding the results of the standardized questionnaires, participants showed significantly fewer psychological problems and interpersonal difficulties as well as a strongly increased life satisfaction at follow-up than at the time of the initial consultation. Hence, the results demonstrate that transsexual patients benefit greatly from the treatment and that the positive outcomes persist even 10 or more years after it.
Subject HeadingsGeschlechtsidentitätsstörung [GND]
Follow-up studies [MeSH]
Gender identity [MeSH]
Transgendered persons [MeSH]