Bildgebung koronarer Plaques mittels 256-Zeilen Multidetektor Computertomographie: Untersucher-Varianz bei der Plaquevolumetrie unter Verwendung einer semiautomatischen Plaqueerkennungs-Software
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical value of coronary plaque imaging with a new generation CT scanner and the interobserver variability of coronary plaque assessment with a new semiautomatic plaque analysis application. Thirty-five isolated plaques of the left anterior descending coronary artery from 35 patients were evaluated with a new semiautomatic plaque analysis application. All patients were scanned with a 256-slice MDCT scanner (Brilliance iCT, Philips Healthcare, Cleveland OH, USA). Two independent observers evaluated lesion volume, maximum plaque burden, lesion CT number mean and standard deviation, and relative lesion composition. We found 10 noncalcified, 16 mixed, and 9 calcified lesions in our study cohort. Relative interobserver bias and variability for lesion volume were -37 %, -13 %, -49 %, -44 % and 28 %, 16 %, 37 %, and 90 % for all, noncalcified, mixed, and calcified lesions, respectively. Absolute interobserver bias and variability for relative lesion composition were 1.2 %, 0.5 %, 1.5 %, 1.3 % and 3.3 %, 4.5 %, 7.0 %, and 4.4 % for all, noncalcified, mixed, and calcified lesions, respectively. While mixed and calcified lesions demonstrated a high degree of lesion volume interobserver variability, noncalcified lesions had a lower degree of lesion volume interobserver variability. In addition, relative noncalcified lesion composition had a very low interobserver variability. Therefore, there may a role for MDCT in serial noncalcified plaque assessment with semiautomatic analysis software.
Subject HeadingsArteriosklerose [GND]
Plaque, atheriosclerotic [MeSH]
Tomography, x-ray computed [MeSH]