Die Situation Angehöriger von Patienten einer Psychosomatischen Tagesklinik - eine qualitative Studie
LicenseStandard (Fassung vom 01.10.2008)
Patients in a psychotherapeutic day hospital have many intensive experiences. The aim of this study was to assess how family members share in these experiences and how the therapeutic process affects them and in their relationship to the patient. To answer this question, semi-standardized interviews were conducted with family members during and after the patient’s time at the day clinic. 15 of these interviews were transcribed and evaluated by using the qualitative content analysis technique (Mayring). The interview content was summarized by applying 16 criteria to, which related to the family members’ reaction and their perception of the patient. The intercoder reliability with a second rater was sufficient. Most family members reported intense emotional reactions, felt that they can support the patient, and were/are actively involved in the therapy process. Most of their emotional reactions were positive, but they sometimes also perceived the therapy to be stressful and believed that they are not sufficiently involved. With regard to the patient, the family members mainly observed positive, but sometimes also negative changes. They experience the patient’s fear of change, his/her desire for support and closeness, but also his/her need for distance. Some of them mentioned that the patient feels somewhat overwhelmed by the therapy. These results show that family members play an important role in the therapeutic process of patients attending day hospitals, which should be taken into consideration. The active involvement of family members in the therapy in the form of couple or family sessions might help use their role in a more focused and constructive manner.
Subject HeadingsAngehöriger [GND]
Psychosomatische Tagesklinik [GND]
Qualitative Daten [GND]
Psychosomatic medicine [MeSH]