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AuthorFischer, Philippdc.contributor.author
Date of accession2018-08-30T15:07:14Zdc.date.accessioned
Available in OPARU since2018-08-30T15:07:14Zdc.date.available
Year of creation2018dc.date.created
Date of first publication2018-08-30dc.date.issued
AbstractMagnesium oxygen batteries, having magnesium metal as anode and oxygen as cathode exhibit a high theoretical specific energy, and the required materials are cheaper and of higher abundance than those of state of the art lithium-ion-batteries. Unfortunately, there are severe challenges concerning the anode and the cathode of the battery. The key is to find an electrolyte, which enables both magnesium stripping/plating and oxygen reduction/evolution. Up to now, most electrolytes with which magnesium metal can be electrochemically plated are highly reactive with oxygen or unstable at potentials prevalent at the oxygen electrode. Therefore, a two electrolyte system, one for each electrode, is the only feasible option as of now. In this work, the electrolyte behavior at the oxygen electrode is investigated. Prelimi- nary tests confirmed the viability of the oxygen reduction in various electrolytes. The subsequent analysis of the used electrode exhibited electrolyte decomposition products, but could not clarify the oxygen reduction mechanism, or the main discharge products, which are supposed to be MgO, MgO2 , or Mg(O2)2 . In order to analyze the immediate surface reaction product, a new cell setup was designed, using flat working electrodes. Using this setup, the electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction was investigated in two different electrolytes, namely 0.5 M Mg(ClO4)2 in DMSO and 0.1 M Mg(TFSI)2 in BMP TFSI, chosen from analogs in the Li-O2 literature. It was shown that there is a soluble intermediate product, ideally Mg(O2)2 , which reacts further to form a passivating layer on the electrode surface. The final reaction products were investigated with infrared spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that both electrolytes, despite different properties and different electrochemical behavior, exhibit the same oxygen reduction product - MgO2, agreeing with recent reports about other electrolytes. However, for the first time, a quantitative proof for it was found in this work. Oxygen evolution, which is required for recharging a magnesium oxygen battery, was not observed in any of the investigated electrolytes.dc.description.abstract
Languageen_USdc.language.iso
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseStandarddc.rights
Link to license texthttps://oparu.uni-ulm.de/xmlui/license_v3dc.rights.uri
KeywordRöntgen-Photoelektronenspektroskopiedc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 540 / Chemistry & allied sciencesdc.subject.ddc
LCSHX-ray photoelectron spectroscopydc.subject.lcsh
LCSHMagnesium (Engineering materials)dc.subject.lcsh
LCSHStorage batteriesdc.subject.lcsh
LCSHEnergy storagedc.subject.lcsh
LCSHElectrodes, Oxygendc.subject.lcsh
TitleThe oxygen reduction reaction in non-aqueous media in presence of magnesium ionsdc.title
Resource typeDissertationdc.type
Date of acceptance2018-08-07dcterms.dateAccepted
RefereeTillmetz, Wernerdc.contributor.referee
RefereeBehm, Rolf Jürgendc.contributor.referee
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-9445dc.identifier.doi
PPN1030478309dc.identifier.ppn
URNhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:289-oparu-9502-3dc.identifier.urn
GNDEnergiespeicherdc.subject.gnd
GNDMagnesiumdc.subject.gnd
GNDAkkumulatordc.subject.gnd
GNDPhotoelektronenspektroskopiedc.subject.gnd
GNDSauerstoffelektrodedc.subject.gnd
FacultyFakultät für Naturwissenschaftenuulm.affiliationGeneral
InstitutionZentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Württemberguulm.affiliationSpecific
InstitutionInstitut für Oberflächenchemie und Katalyseuulm.affiliationSpecific
Grantor of degreeFakultät für Naturwissenschaftenuulm.thesisGrantor
DCMI TypeTextuulm.typeDCMI
CategoryPublikationenuulm.category
University Bibliographyjauulm.unibibliographie


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