Mental health of apprentices during the COVID-19 pandemic in Austria and the effect of gender, migration background, and work situation
Plener, Paul L.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 18 (2021), 17. - Art.-Nr. 8933. - eISSN 1660-4601
Link to original publicationhttps://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178933
InstitutionsUKU. Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie/Psychotherapie
Document versionpublished version (publisher's PDF)
his study assessed the mental health of apprentices during the COVID-19 pandemic in Austria and the effect of gender, migration background, work situation, and work sector. An online survey via REDCap was performed with a sample of 1442 apprentices (female: 53.5%, male: 45.4%, diverse: 1.1%, migration background: 28.4%) from 29 March to 18 May 2021. Indicators of mental health were depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating (EAT-8), and insomnia (ISI-7). There was a high prevalence of clinically relevant depression (cut-offs ≥11 for adolescents, ≥10 for adults: 48.3%), anxiety (cut-offs ≥11 for adolescents, ≥10 for adults: 35.4%), insomnia (cut-off ≥15: 27%), and disordered eating (cut-offs ≥2 for men, ≥3 for women: 50.6%). Linear models revealed that apprentices with female and diverse gender, migration background, and unemployed status showed the poorest scores on all mental health measures (all p-values < 0.05) except disordered eating. These findings emphasize the need for intersectional strategies to reduce and prevent adverse mental health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for apprentices.
Subject headings[GND]: COVID-19 | Psychische Gesundheit | Österreich
[MeSH]: COVID-19 | Mental health | Austria
[Free subject headings]: apprentices | gender | migration background | work situation
[DDC subject group]: DDC 150 / Psychology | DDC 610 / Medicine & health
LicenseCC BY 4.0 International
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DOI & citation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-43667