Erweitertes medizinisches Qualitätsmanagement am Beispiel der Tracer-Diagnose Polytrauma. Eine Pilotstudie aus dem Bereich des Luftrettungsdienstes
InstitutionsBundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm (BWK)
BACKGROUND: Adequate prehospital and inhospital primary care is a decisive factor in the successful treatment of multiple trauma patients. For optimization of treatment algorithms the implementation of a medical quality management is of utmost importance. The aim of this study was to extend quality management by including data on process quality. METHODS: A retrospective study of primary rescue missions of the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) Christoph 22 in Ulm over a period of 2.5 years was performed. In a detailed analysis of filter criteria, in which relevant deviations from the recommendations (not fulfilled in > 10% of the cases) occurred, process data was included (vital data, measurements and events). RESULTS: In the study population (n = 298, males 71.8%, mean age 39.8 ± 21.8 years) 2 filter criteria were identified in which relevant deviations where observed: time management where prehospital treatment time ≤ 60 min in 36% of the cases was not fulfilled and circulatory management where the systolic blood pressure, detected with Riva-Rocci method (RR(sys)) ≥ 120 mmHg on hospital admission in patients with severe head trauma was not fulfilled in 45% of the cases. In patients with deviations in time management, prehospital treatment time was prolonged (75.6 ± 18.3 min versus 50.5 ± 6.7 min; p < 0.01) caused by a prolonged on scene attendance time (34.1 ± 22.1 min versus 20.6 ± 9.2 min; p < 0.01) and transport time (17.3 ± 9.4 min versus 13.3 ± 4.8 min; p < 0.01). In entrapment trauma prehospital treatment time was expanded (44% versus 10%; p < 0.01). Patients in whom circulatory management deviations were observed were more often in shock on arrival at the scene (RR(sys) ≤ 90 mmHg: 60% versus 30%; p < 0.01), more often hypoxemic [pulse oximeter oxygen saturation (S(p)O(2)) ≤ 90%: 36% versus 19%; p < 0.05] and more often sustained a trauma to the chest as well as to chest and abdomen/pelvis (69% versus 52% and 42% versus 28%, respectively; p < 0.05). Furthermore, the infusion volume of colloids was higher (1241 ± 810 ml versus 753 ± 359 ml; p < 0.05) and the combined usage of small volume resuscitation and catecholamines was more often necessary (42% versus 25%; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Including process data of prehospital mission data recording facilitates an extended medical quality management.
Subject HeadingsPolytrauma [GND]
Multiple trauma; Diagnosis [MeSH]
Emergency medicine [MeSH]