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AuthorSchäflein, Evadc.contributor.author
AuthorSattel, Heribert C.dc.contributor.author
AuthorPollatos, Olgadc.contributor.author
AuthorSack, Martindc.contributor.author
Date of accession2022-01-19T10:56:43Zdc.date.accessioned
Available in OPARU since2022-01-19T10:56:43Zdc.date.available
Date of first publication2018-06-27dc.date.issued
AbstractPatients suffering from dissociative disorders are characterized by an avoidance of aversive stimuli. This includes the avoidance of emotions and, in particular, bodily perceptions. In the present pilot study, we explored the potential interoceptive accuracy deficit of patients suffering from dissociative disorders in a heartbeat detection task. Moreover, we investigated the impact of facial mirror-confrontation on interoceptive accuracy and the potential association between cardiac vagal tone derived from heart rate variability and interoceptive accuracy. Eighteen patients suffering from dissociative disorders and 18 healthy controls were assessed with the Mental Tracking Paradigm by Schandry for heartbeat detection at baseline and after confrontations exposing them to their own faces in a mirror (2 min each, accompanied by a negative or positive cognition). During the experiment, cardiac vagal tone was assessed. We used Pearson correlations to calculate potential associations between cardiac vagal tone and interoceptive accuracy. Patients performed significantly worse than the healthy controls in the heartbeat detection task at baseline. They displayed no significant increase in interoceptive accuracy following facial mirror-confrontation. In the patient group, higher cardiac vagal tone was associated with a more precise heartbeat detection performance. Dissociative disorder patients showed a considerable deficit in interoceptive accuracy. Our results fit with the assumption that highly dissociative patients tend to tune out the perceiving of bodily signals. To the extent that bodily signal perception may play a causal role in these disorders, therapeutic approaches enhancing interoceptive accuracy and cardiac vagal tone may be considered important and practicable steps to improve the therapy outcome of this patient group.dc.description.abstract
Languageendc.language.iso
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseCC BY 4.0 Internationaldc.rights
Link to license texthttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/dc.rights.uri
Keywordcardiac vagal tonedc.subject
Keyworddissociationdc.subject
Keywordfacial mirror-confrontationdc.subject
Keywordheartbeat detectiondc.subject
Keywordinteroceptiondc.subject
Keywordroot mean square of successive differencesdc.subject
Keywordself-perceptiondc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 150 / Psychologydc.subject.ddc
MeSHDissociative disordersdc.subject.mesh
MeSHVagus nervedc.subject.mesh
MeSHInteroceptiondc.subject.mesh
TitleDisconnected : impaired interoceptive accuracy and its association to self-perception and cardiac vagal tone in patients with dissociative disorderdc.title
Resource typeWissenschaftlicher Artikeldc.type
SWORD Date2019-12-19T17:52:33Zdc.date.updated
VersionpublishedVersiondc.description.version
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-40975dc.identifier.doi
URNhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:289-oparu-41051-9dc.identifier.urn
GNDDissoziation <Psychologie>dc.subject.gnd
GNDVagusdc.subject.gnd
GNDInterozeptiondc.subject.gnd
FacultyFakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften, Informatik und Psychologieuulm.affiliationGeneral
InstitutionInstitut für Psychologie und Pädagogikuulm.affiliationSpecific
Peer reviewjauulm.peerReview
DCMI TypeCollectionuulm.typeDCMI
CategoryPublikationenuulm.category
DOI of original publication10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00897dc.relation1.doi
Source - Title of sourceFrontiers in Psychologysource.title
Source - Place of publicationFrontiers Mediasource.publisher
Source - Volume9source.volume
Source - Year2018source.year
Source - Article number897source.articleNumber
Source - eISSN1664-1078source.identifier.eissn
Bibliographyuulmuulm.bibliographie


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