A new measure for the revised reinforcement sensitivity theory : psychometric criteria and genetic validation
Cooper, Andrew J.
Smillie, Luke D.
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience ; 9 (2015). - Art.-Nr. 38. - eISSN 1662-5137
Link to original publicationhttps://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2015.00038
FacultiesFakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften, Informatik und Psychologie
InstitutionsInstitut für Psychologie und Pädagogik
External cooperationsUniversität Bonn
University of London
University of Melbourne
Document versionpublished version (publisher's PDF)
Jeffrey Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) represents one of the most influential biologically-based personality theories describing individual differences in approach and avoidance tendencies. The most prominent self-report inventory to measure individual differences in approach and avoidance behavior to date is the BIS/BAS scale by Carver and White (1994). As Gray and McNaughton (2000) revised the RST after its initial formulation in the 1970/80s, and given the Carver and White measure is based on the initial conceptualization of RST, there is a growing need for self-report inventories measuring individual differences in the revised behavioral inhibition system (BIS), behavioral activation system (BAS) and the fight, flight, freezing system (FFFS). Therefore, in this paper we present a new questionnaire measuring individual differences in the revised constructs of the BIS, BAS and FFFS in N = 1814 participants (German sample). An English translated version of the new measure is also presented and tested in N = 299 English language participants. A large number of German participants (N = 1090) also filled in the BIS/BAS scales by Carver and White (1994) and the correlations between these measures are presented. Finally, this same subgroup of participants provided buccal swaps for the investigation of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) gene. Here, a functional genetic polymorphism (rs11174811) on the AVPR1a gene was shown to be associated with individual differences in both the revised BIS and classic BIS dimensions.
Subject headings[GND]: Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory
[LCSH]: Reinforcement (Psychology) | Avoidance (Psychology) | Neuropsychology; Research
[MeSH]: Anxiety | Fear
[Free subject headings]: Revised RST questionnaire | AVPR1a | Rs11174811
[DDC subject group]: DDC 150 / Psychology
LicenseCC BY 4.0 International
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DOI & citation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-40473