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AuthorZempelin, Svenjadc.contributor.author
AuthorSejunaite, Karolinadc.contributor.author
AuthorLanza, Claudiadc.contributor.author
AuthorRiepe, Matthias W.dc.contributor.author
Date of accession2021-09-10T11:06:27Zdc.date.accessioned
Available in OPARU since2021-09-10T11:06:27Zdc.date.available
Date of first publication2021-06-18dc.date.issued
AbstractFilm clips are established to induce or intensify mood states in young persons. Fewer studies address induction of mood states in old persons. Analysis of facial expression provides an opportunity to substantiate subjective mood states with a psychophysiological variable. We investigated healthy young (YA; n = 29; age 24.4 ± 2.3) and old (OA; n = 28; age 69.2 ± 7.4) participants. Subjects were exposed to film segments validated in young adults to induce four basic emotions (anger, disgust, happiness, sadness). We analyzed subjective mood states with a 7-step Likert scale and facial expressions with an automated system for analysis of facial expressions (FaceReader™ 7.0, Noldus Information Technology b.v.) for both the four target emotions as well as concomitant emotions. Mood expressivity was analysed with the Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire (BEQ) and the Short Suggestibility Scale (SSS). Subjective mood intensified in all target emotions in the whole group and both YA and OA subgroups. Facial expressions of mood intensified in the whole group for all target emotions except sadness. Induction of happiness was associated with a decrease of sadness in both subjective and objective assessment. Induction of sadness was observed with subjective assessment and accompanied by a decrease of happiness in both subjective and objective assessment. Regression analysis demonstrated pre-exposure facial expressions and personality factors (BEQ, SSS) to be associated with the intensity of facial expression on mood induction. We conclude that mood induction is successful regardless of age. Analysis of facial expressions complement self-assessment of mood and may serve as a means of objectification of mood change. The concordance between self-assessment of mood change and facial expression is modulated by personality factors.dc.description.abstract
Languageendc.language.iso
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseCC BY 4.0 Internationaldc.rights
Link to license texthttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/dc.rights.uri
KeywordElderlydc.subject
KeywordPersonalitydc.subject
KeywordYoung adultsdc.subject
KeywordSELF-REPORTSdc.subject
KeywordCORE AFFECTdc.subject
KeywordMOODdc.subject
KeywordEXPERIENCEdc.subject
KeywordHEALTHYdc.subject
KeywordREACTIVITYdc.subject
KeywordFEELINGSdc.subject
KeywordVALIDITYdc.subject
KeywordBEHAVIORdc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 150 / Psychologydc.subject.ddc
MeSHEmotionsdc.subject.mesh
MeSHFacedc.subject.mesh
MeSHFacial expressiondc.subject.mesh
MeSHFace recognitiondc.subject.mesh
MeSHHappinessdc.subject.mesh
MeSHAge factorsdc.subject.mesh
TitleEmotion induction in young and old persons on watching movie segments: facial expressions reflect subjective ratingsdc.title
Resource typeWissenschaftlicher Artikeldc.type
VersionpublishedVersiondc.description.version
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-38775dc.identifier.doi
URNhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:289-oparu-38851-8dc.identifier.urn
GNDMimikdc.subject.gnd
GNDGesichtdc.subject.gnd
GNDGesichtserkennungdc.subject.gnd
GNDGefühldc.subject.gnd
InstitutionUKU. Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie IIuulm.affiliationSpecific
Peer reviewjauulm.peerReview
DCMI TypeTextuulm.typeDCMI
CategoryPublikationenuulm.category
DOI of original publication10.1371/journal. pone.0253378dc.relation1.doi
Source - Title of sourcePLoS ONEsource.title
Source - Place of publicationPublic Library of Sciencesource.publisher
Source - Volume16source.volume
Source - Issue6source.issue
Source - Year2021source.year
Source - Article numbere0253378source.articleNumber
Source - eISSN1932-6203source.identifier.eissn
Open AccessGreen Published, golduulm.OA
WoS000671690700056uulm.identifier.wos
Bibliographyuulmuulm.bibliographie
Is Supplemented Byhttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0253378#sec032dc.relation.isSupplementedBy


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