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AbstractHoney bees are agriculturally important, both as pollinators and by providing products such as honey. The sustainability of beekeeping is at risk through factors of global change such as habitat loss, as well as through the spread of infectious diseases. In China and other parts of Asia, beekeepers rely both on native Apis cerana and non-native Apis mellifera, putting bee populations at particular risk of disease emergence from multi-host pathogens. Indeed, two important honey bee parasites have emerged from East Asian honey bees, the mite Varroa destructor and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. As V. destructor vectors viral bee diseases, we investigated whether another key bee pathogen, Deformed Wing Virus (DWV), may also have originated in East Asian honey bee populations. We use a large-scale survey of apiaries across China to investigate the prevalence and seasonality of DWV in managed A. mellifera and A. cerana colonies, showing that DWV-A prevalence was higher in A. mellifera, with a seasonal spike in prevalence in autumn and winter. Using phylogenetic and population genetic approaches, we show that while China and East Asian DWV isolates show comparatively high levels of genetic diversity, these bee populations are not a source for the current global DWV epidemic.dc.description.abstract
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseCC BY 4.0 Internationaldc.rights
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KeywordEcological epidemiologydc.subject
KeywordEvolutionary ecologydc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 570 / Life sciencesdc.subject.ddc
LCSHEvolutionary geneticsdc.subject.lcsh
TitlePrevalence and population genetics of the emerging honey bee pathogen DWV in Chinese apiculturedc.title
Resource typeWissenschaftlicher Artikeldc.type
FacultyFakultät für Naturwissenschaftenuulm.affiliationGeneral
InstitutionInstitut für Evolutionsökologie und Naturschutzgenomikuulm.affiliationSpecific
Peer reviewjauulm.peerReview
DCMI TypeTextuulm.typeDCMI
In cooperation withChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciencesuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withMinistry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, PRCuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withGuadong Academy of Sciencesuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withUniversity of Exeteruulm.cooperation
Is Supplemented By
DOI of original publication10.1038/s41598-019-48618-ydc.relation1.doi
Source - Title of sourceScientific Reportssource.title
Source - Place of publicationNature Researchsource.publisher
Source - Volume9source.volume
Source - Year2019source.year
Source - Article number12042source.articleNumber
Source - eISSN2045-2322source.identifier.eissn
FundingNational Natural Science Foundation of China [31572471]uulm.funding
FundingAgricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program / CAAS [CAAS-ASTIP-2017-IAR]uulm.funding
FundingRoyal Society [IE161462]uulm.funding
FundingBBSRC [BB/P025854/1]uulm.funding
University Bibliographyjauulm.unibibliographie

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CC BY 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0 International