Soziale Partizipation und Gesamtmortalität - Multivariate Analyse einer österreichischen Kohorte älterer Studienteilnehmer
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There is evidence that social participation is inversely associated with mortality. Thus, we investigated the effect of social participation on all-cause mortality in a large Austrian cohort. Between 2000 and 2004, 6641 participants aged 65 years and older took part in the questionnaire. Data on general medical conditions, lifestyle, social participation and medical history were collected by questionnaires from 2368 (41.8 %) men and 3303 (58.2%) women. Social participation scores were calculated (high, medium, low) for each subject based on the WHO definition. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for the association of social participation and mortality. Models were adjusted for relevant confounders such as smoking status, morbidity, living conditions and education. 1107 total deaths occurred among cohort subjects. Median follow-up was 8.1 years. Social participation was associated with life expectancy. Men and women with a low or a medium level of social participation showed a higher mortality (HR 1.50; 95 %-confidence interval (CI) 1.17-1.91). We found an inverse association between social participation and all-cause mortality. This relationship may indicate that components of social participation, should be considered more in care of older individuals.
Subject HeadingsÄlterer Mensch [GND]
Older people [LCSH]
Social participation; Austria [LCSH]
Neoplasms; Mortality [MeSH]