Crowding effects across depth are fixation-centered for defocused flankers and observer-centered for defocused targets
Eberhardt, Lisa V.
FacultiesFakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften, Informatik und Psychologie
InstitutionsInstitut für Psychologie und Pädagogik
Brain Sciences ; 10 (2020). - Art.-Nr. 596. - eISSN 2076-3425
Link to original publicationhttps://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10090596
LicenseCC BY 4.0 International
Depth needs to be considered to understand visual information processing in cluttered environments in the wild. Since differences in depth depend on current gaze position, eye movements were avoided by short presentations in a real depth setup. Thus, allowing only peripheral vision, crowding was tested. That is, the impairment of peripheral target recognition by the presence of nearby flankers was measured. Real depth was presented by a half-transparent mirror that aligned the displays of two orthogonally arranged, distance-adjustable screens. Fixation depth was at a distance of 190 cm, defocused depth planes were presented either near or far, in front of or behind the fixation depth, all within the depth of field. In Experiments 1 and 2, flankers were presented defocused, while the to-be-identified targets were on the fixation depth plane. In Experiments 3–5, targets were presented defocused, while the flankers were kept on the fixation depth plane. Results for defocused flankers indicate increased crowding effects with increased flanker distance from the target at focus (near to far). However, for defocused targets, crowding for targets in front of the focus as compared to behind was increased. Thus, defocused targets produce decreased crowding with increased target distance from the observer. To conclude, the effects of flankers in depth seem to be centered around fixation, while effects of target depth seem to be observer-centered.
Gefördert vom Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst Baden-Württemberg
Is supplemented byhttps://osf.io/ua6vc/?view_only=76bc0857712445eca199aa91c9f5bf22
Subject HeadingsPsychophysik [GND]
Visuelle Wahrnehmung [GND]
Visual perception [LCSH]
Human information processing [LCSH]