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Authorvon Arnim, Christine A.
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AbstractPrevention of neurocognitive disorders is currently one of the greatest unmet medical challenges. The cognitive effects of solving jigsaw puzzles (JPs) have not been studied so far, despite its frequent use as a leisure activity in all age cohorts worldwide. This study aimed at closing this gap between a lack of science and a frequent real-world use by investigating the cognitive abilities recruited by JP as well as the cognitive benefits of lifetime and 30-day JP experience. A total of 100 cognitively healthy adults (≥50 years of age) were randomized to either a 30-day home-based JP intervention (≥1 h/day) plus four sessions of cognitive health counseling (JP group) or four sessions of cognitive health counseling only (counseling group). We measured global visuospatial cognition by averaging the scores of eight z-standardized visuospatial cognitive abilities (perception, constructional praxis, mental rotation, speed, flexibility, working memory, reasoning, and episodic memory). JP skill was assessed with an untrained 40 piece JP and lifetime JP experience with retrospective self-report. JP skill was associated with all assessed cognitive abilities (rs ≥ 0.45, ps < 0.001), and global visuospatial cognition (r = 0.80 [95% CI: 0.72–0.86], p < 0.001). Lifetime JP experience was associated with global visuospatial cognition, even after accounting for other risk and protective factors (b = 0.34 [95% CI: 0.18–0.50], p < 0.001). The JP group connected on average 3589 pieces in 49 h. Compared to the counseling group, they improved in JP skill (Cohen’s d = 0.38 [95% CI: 0.21–0.54], p < 0.001), but not in global visuospatial cognition (Cohen’s d = - 0.08, [CI: -0.27 to 0.10], p = 0.39). The amount of jigsaw puzzling was related to changes in global visuospatial cognition within the JP group, only after accounting for baseline performance (b = 0.33 [95% CI: 0.02–0.63], p = 0.03). In sum, our results indicate that jigsaw puzzling strongly engages multiple cognitive abilities and long-term, but not short-term JP experiences could relevantly benefit cognition.dc.description.abstract
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseCC BY 4.0 Internationaldc.rights
Link to license text
KeywordVisuospatial cognitiondc.subject
KeywordCognitive interventiondc.subject
KeywordCognitive enrichmentdc.subject
KeywordCognitive impairmentdc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 610 / Medicine & healthdc.subject.ddc
LCSHJigsaw puzzlesdc.subject.lcsh
MeSHCognitive agingdc.subject.mesh
MeSHDementia; Complicationsdc.subject.mesh
MeSHNeurocognitive disordersdc.subject.mesh
MeSHCognitive dysfunctiondc.subject.mesh
MeSHVisual perceptiondc.subject.mesh
TitleJigsaw puzzling taps multiple cognitive abilities and is a potential protective factor for cognitive agingdc.title
Resource typeWissenschaftlicher Artikeldc.type
GNDVisuelle Wahrnehmungdc.subject.gnd
FacultyFakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften, Informatik und Psychologieuulm.affiliationGeneral
InstitutionInstitut für Psychologie und Pädagogikuulm.affiliationSpecific
InstitutionRehabilitationskrankenhaus Ulmuulm.affiliationSpecific
InstitutionUKU. Klinik für Neurologieuulm.affiliationSpecific
Peer reviewjauulm.peerReview
DCMI TypeTextuulm.typeDCMI
In cooperation withUniversität Hohenheimuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withUniversitätsklinikum Essenuulm.cooperation
Is Supplemented By
DOI of original publication10.3389/fnagi.2018.00299dc.relation1.doi
Source - Title of sourceFrontiers in Aging Neurosciencesource.title
Source - Place of publicationFrontiers Mediasource.publisher
Source - Volume10source.volume
Source - Year2018source.year
Source - Article number299source.articleNumber
Source - eISSN1663-4365source.identifier.eissn
FundingRavensburger Spieleverlag GmbH (RSV)uulm.funding
University Bibliographyjauulm.unibibliographie

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CC BY 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0 International