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AuthorSeifarth, Sebastiandc.contributor.author
AuthorDietz, Paveldc.contributor.author
AuthorDisch, Alexander C.dc.contributor.author
AuthorEngelhardt, Martindc.contributor.author
AuthorZwingenberger, Stefandc.contributor.author
Date of accession2020-06-27T09:21:15Zdc.date.accessioned
Available in OPARU since2020-06-27T09:21:15Zdc.date.available
Date of first publication2019-11-26dc.date.issued
AbstractThis study investigated the use of performance-enhancing substances in recreational triathletes who were competing in German races at distances ranging from super-sprint to long-distance, as per the International Triathlon Union. The use of legal drugs and over-the-counter supplements over the previous year, painkillers over the previous 3 months, and the potential three-month prevalence of physical doping and or cognitive doping in this group were assessed via an anonymous questionnaire. The Randomised Response Technique (RRT) was implemented for sensitive questions regarding “prescription drugs [ ... ] for the purpose of performance enhancement [ ... ] only available at a pharmacy or on the black market”. The survey did not directly state the word “doping,” but included examples of substances that could later be classed as physical and or cognitive doping. The subjects were not required to detail what they were taking. Overall, 1953 completed questionnaires were received from3134 registered starters at six regional events - themselves involving 17 separate races - in 2017. Of the respondents, 31.8% and 11.3% admitted to the use of dietary supplements, and of painkillers during the previous three months, respectively. Potential physical doping and cognitive doping over the preceding year were reported by 7.0% (Confidence Interval CI: 4.2–9.8) and 9.4% (CI: 6.6–12.3) of triathletes. Gender, age, experience in endurance sports, and number of weekly triathlon training hours were linked to potential physical or cognitive doping. Given the potentially relevant side effects of painkiller use and physical and or cognitive doping, we recommend that educational and preventative measures for them be implemented within amateur triathlons.dc.description.abstract
Languageendc.language.iso
PublisherUniversität Ulmdc.publisher
LicenseCC BY 4.0 Internationaldc.rights
Link to license texthttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/dc.rights.uri
KeywordPainkillersdc.subject
KeywordRecreational athletesdc.subject
KeywordRRTdc.subject
Dewey Decimal GroupDDC 610 / Medicine & healthdc.subject.ddc
MeSHDoping in sportsdc.subject.mesh
MeSHAnalgesicsdc.subject.mesh
MeSHRisk factorsdc.subject.mesh
TitleThe prevalence of legal performance-enhancing substance use and potential cognitive and or physical doping in German recreational triathletes, assessed via the randomised response techniquedc.title
Resource typeWissenschaftlicher Artikeldc.type
SWORD Date2019-12-19T17:48:28Zdc.date.updated
VersionpublishedVersiondc.description.version
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-32202dc.identifier.doi
URNhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:289-oparu-32264-4dc.identifier.urn
GNDDopingdc.subject.gnd
GNDAnalgetikumdc.subject.gnd
GNDTriathlondc.subject.gnd
GNDFreizeitsportlerdc.subject.gnd
GNDRisikofaktordc.subject.gnd
InstitutionBundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm (BWK)uulm.affiliationSpecific
Peer reviewjauulm.peerReview
DCMI TypeTextuulm.typeDCMI
CategoryPublikationenuulm.category
In cooperation withUniversitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carusuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withKlinikum Osnabrückuulm.cooperation
In cooperation withUniversitätsmedizin Mainzuulm.cooperation
Is Supplemented Byhttps://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/7/12/241/s1uulm.relation.isSupplementedBy
DOI of original publication10.3390/sports7120241dc.relation1.doi
Source - Title of sourceSportssource.title
Source - Place of publicationMDPIsource.publisher
Source - Volume7source.volume
Source - Issue12source.issue
Source - Year2019source.year
Source - Article number241source.articleNumber
Source - ISSN2075-4663source.identifier.issn
University Bibliographyjauulm.unibibliographie


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CC BY 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0 International