Novel concepts for ultra-cold quantum gases in microgravity : equal trap frequencies, atoms trapped by atoms, and the space atom laser
RefereeSchleich, Wolfgang P.
Hecker Denschlag, Johannes
FacultiesFakultät für Naturwissenschaften
InstitutionsInstitut für Quantenphysik
Institut für Quantenmaterie
The first realization of Bose-Einstein condensation in 1995 has revolutionized the field of atomic physics and lead to the demonstration of a plethora of new phenomena and applications ever since. Shortly afterwards mixtures of ultra-cold quantum gases have added a new layer of complexity to the systems under study by combining different internal states or atomic species that all interact with each other. During the last years great efforts have been undertaken to create Bose-Einstein condensates in microgravity and to bring them into space to allow for unperturbed, long free evolution times which are extremely beneficial for studying fundamental physical concepts and for performing high-precision measurements. With this thesis we take advantage of these developments and propose novel ideas for multi-species Bose-Einstein condensates that fully exploit the unique conditions of microgravity facilities. In addition to atom-atom interactions, which play a key role for the dynamics in the absence of gravity, we consider multi-color optical trapping schemes and suitable internal-state couplings to tweak the time evolution. With these methods we can generate equal trap frequencies for dual-species mixtures and predict interaction-induced trapping as well as the creation of spherically symmetric atom-laser shells. Our study is based on analytical as well as numerical approaches and paves the way for a future experimental realization of the presented concepts.
Subject headings[GND]: Bose-Einstein-Kondensat | Mikrogravitation | Quantengas | Atomlaser | Dipolfalle
[LCSH]: Bose-Einstein condensation | Microgravity | Cold gases
[Free subject headings]: Quantengas-Mischungen | Optische Dipolfalle | Atom-Atom-Wechselwirkung | Quantum-gas mixtures | Atom laser | Optical dipole trap | Atom-atom interaction | Equal trap frequencies | Atoms trapped by atoms | Space atom laser
[DDC subject group]: DDC 530 / Physics
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DOI & citation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.18725/OPARU-23338